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HomeDonation Zakat (Alms) Donation

Zakat (Alms) Donation

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Via Deniz Feneri, you can transmit your Zakat Donations to actual people in need. Easily donate your zakat by calculating the amount of zakat you need to give according to the quota determined by the Turkish Directorate of Religious Affairs.

ZAKAT

 

The Deniz Feneri Association continues to deliver your donations in cash and kind to our brothers and sisters in need in the oppressed and victimised parts of the world, as well as its goodness project implementations. Our association takes your greetings and zakats to the victims struggling for life in refugee camps, to the oppressed people who have lost all they have due to civil wars, and those siblings who live in their house in poverty and misery.

With the lexical meanings of “increase, multiplication, cleaning, abundance, good conduct, praise”, etc., zakat as a religious term refers to giving away, for the sake of Allah, a certain part of one’s rich to certain people in need of zakat. As one of the financial worships, zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam, and it was designated as a religious obligation in Medina in the second year of the hegira (624). The Quran states, “Establish prayer and give zakah…” (Baqara, 2/43, 110; Haj, 22/78; Nur, 24/56; Mujadila, 58/13; Muzzemmil, 73/20); “Take, [O, Muhammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify them and cause them increase, and invoke [Allah 's blessings] upon them. Indeed, your invocations are reassurance for them. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” (Tawba, 9/103).


For Whom Zakat Is a Religious Obligation?


Any Muslim who has reached puberty, is mentally stable, and possesses, other than their basic needs, the money or assets at or higher than the amount of quota (85 g of gold, 595 g of silver, an equal amount of money or commodity) becomes liable to give zakat each year.


Is It Permissible to Give Zakat through Aid Agencies?
 

It is a good conduct to give zakat directly to a poor person; however, in our time, the mentality of people gradually changes. It is commanded in the Holy Quran, “Search, to help, for those who do not show their poverty because of their virtue, and give your aid to them.” No one will like to receive an aid from the hand of another individual. Therefore, giving zakat directly to such individuals might offend them.

 

But if we make our donations through organisations, maybe that will be better for poor people. In the modern world, this is how cooperation is carried out. Rather than an individual aid, it is important to institutionalise aid agencies. If we help others through organisations, we will both avoid offending individuals, and also ensure that our aid is taken to actual indigent people more efficiently, and more abundantly.


Is it permissible to give zakat ahead of its time?


Zakat is given after it becomes due. One who reaches the quota should note down the date of becoming rich according to the lunar date. For example, if they became rich on the 3rd of Rajab, then they shall give money or commodity at the quota on the 3rd of Rajab in the next year; they shall not wait for Ramadan. Giving zakat before the due date is not inconvenient, actually it would be good.

 

In fact, it is also permissible to give the zakat of a few years to come. If one miscalculates their zakat and gives two gold coins instead of one, and subsequently notices the miscalculation, they can consider that they have already given the zakat of the next year. However, if they have more rich in the end of that year than their calculation, and thus the zakat becomes lacking, they are supposed to compensate the lack.

 

The zakat of an amount of money saved up shall be given after one year passes after it. If the zakat is given as soon as the money is obtained and before the zakat is due, the next zakat shall be given two years later because the zakat of the next year has already been paid. As for the zakat of the money you add from your other income is to be calculated depending on the date you get it.

 

There is no predefined time for giving zakat, it must be given whenever it becomes due. There is no need to wait for a certain month or the month of Ramadan. Those who have the obligation of giving zakat should give their zakat as soon as possible from the moment the zakat is due.


How to Give Zakat from Commodity? How Is It Calculated?


Any commodity becomes subject to zakat as soon as the related conditions are met. It is not possible to limit communities with a certain number. All kinds of clothing, food stuff, construction materials are considered a commodity as long as they are kept for the intention of trade, and thus they are subject to zakat.


What Is a Quota?


Quota is a unit of richness identified for such worships as zakat, sadaqa al-fitr, sacrificial animals, etc. It can also be defined as the minimum measure of richness. Those who possess commodities at a value above their payables and basic needs are considered rich from the Islamic point of view.


To Whom Is Zakat Given?


In the surah of Tawba, which was communicated to the Prophet in the 9th year of the hegira, the Quran listed to whom zakat must be given: “Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveller - an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise.” (Tawba, 9/60)


1) The poor and the needy: A poor is a person who, although they can meet their basic needs such as a house and household goods, has a very limited income, is unable to meet their certain needs, and who possesseds, after their payables are reduced, less rich than the quota.

 

2) Those employed to collect zakat: The Arabic term used in the Quranic verse, “amil”, lexically means any employee, worker, craftsman, etc. As a religious term, it refers to those persons who are employed to collect zakat, and distribute it to those eligible.

 

3) Muallafa Al-Qulub: This group of people, who are listed as the fourth group in the verse, covers likely non-Muslims whose hearts may be warmed towards Islam, and who might be attracted to Islam by giving them zakat.

 

4) Slaves: Those who want to get rid of being a slave by buying their freedom are also given zakat. Freeing slaves by utilising zakat funds shows the importance that Islam attaches to human freedom.

 

5) Those in debt: Those, after their payables are reduced, whose rich is less than the quota are in this class. Those who have an uncollectible receivable (in the form of money or property) are also considered in debt. Giving zakat to those who are distressed due to being in debt is more virtuous than giving it to a poor who are not in debt.

 

6) Those who are in the way of Allah: The phrase “fi sabilillah”, which means “in the cause of Allah”, or more befittingly, “for the sake of Allah”, is used in two different meanings. It’s first meaning is to actually war to glorify Islam. Accordingly, mujahids (warriors of Islam) in an actual war are given zakat. The second meaning refers to all kinds of charitable works complying with Allah’s will and carried out to approach Him. Accordingly, persons and organisations who act by the will of Allah, and performs charitable works can be given aid from zakat funds.

 

7) Stranded travellers: Those who embark on a journey, make a journey for a charitable work, and will not be able to reach their destination without help are contained in this class. Travels or visits made for the purpose of hajj, war, mandoob (something welcomed or recommended), or trade are instances of this.


To Whom Is Not Zakat Given?


1) Mother, Father, Wife and Children: It is not permissible for a man to give their zakat to their indigent wife, parents or grandparents, sons, daughters, or their children or grandchildren. This also applies to a man’s wife who waits for the period of delay after their divorce.

 

2) Non-Muslims: Since zakat is an obligation of worship, it may not be given to non-Muslims, nonbelievers, or apostates. Muallafa Al-Qulub (whose heart is warmed to Islam, and could be Muslim by a simple effort) are outside of this class.

 

3) The rich: It is not permissible to give zakat to a rich person. Because of their duty, an official of zakat can still have the share allocated to them from zakat funds even if they are rich. Again, a rich person who becomes indigent during a travel can also receive zakat because they are considered indigent at that moment even if they are rich otherwise.

 

4) The relatives of the Prophet (pbuh): The family and grandchildren have been forbidden from receiving zakat or sadaqa.

 

5) Small Children and Mental Patients: It is not permissible to directly give zakat to children below seven years of age and to the mentally ill. Their zakat is delivered to their guardians.


What Are the Qualifications of an Organisation to Which We Can Give Our Zakat?


As Quran describes, zakat is the right of poor people. Therefore, it must be given to them. Cash, food, clothing, housing, and similar needs can be met. You can make such donations as zakat, fitr, fidya, and sacrificial animals to any nongovernmental organisations that actually meet these needs. Trust is extremely important in this matter. Therefore, those organisations which are officially tracked and audited by the related units of the government are suitable for making zakat donations.

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